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Durham e-Theses
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Active Management of Distributed Generation based on Component Thermal Properties

JUPE, SAMUEL,CHARLES,EDWARD (2010) Active Management of Distributed Generation based on Component Thermal Properties. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

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Abstract

Power flows within distribution networks are expected to become increasingly congested with the proliferation of distributed generation (DG) from renewable energy resources. Consequently, the size, energy penetration and ultimately the revenue stream of DG schemes may be limited in the future. This research seeks to facilitate increased renewable energy penetrations by utilising power system component thermal properties together with DG power output control techniques. The real-time thermal rating of existing power system components has the potential to unlock latent power transfer capacities. When integrated with a DG power output control system, greater installed capacities of DG may be accommodated within the distribution network. Moreover, the secure operation of the network is maintained through the constraint of DG power outputs to manage network power flows. The research presented in this thesis forms part of a UK government funded project which aims to develop and deploy an on-line power output control system for wind-based DG schemes. This is based on the concept that high power flows resulting from wind generation at high wind speeds could be accommodated since the same wind speed has a positive effect on component cooling mechanisms. The control system compares component real-time thermal ratings with network power flows and produces set points that are fed back to the DG for implementation. The control algorithm comprises: (i) An inference engine (using rule-based artificial intelligence) that decides when DG control actions are required; (ii) a DG set point calculator (utilising predetermined power flow sensitivity factors) that computes updated DG power outputs to manage distribution network power flows; and (iii) an on-line simulation tool that validates the control actions before dispatch. A section of the UK power system has been selected by ScottishPower EnergyNetworks to form the basis of field trials. Electrical and thermal datasets from the field are used in open loop to validate the algorithms developed. The loop is then closed through simulation to automate DG output control for increased renewable energy penetrations.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:Renewable energy; power systems; control; real-time thermal ratings; distributed generator; distributed generation; wind farms; economics; energy yield assessment;
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Engineering and Computing Science, School of
Thesis Date:2010
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:03 Jun 2010 13:02

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