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Durham e-Theses
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Idealised Antenna Functions for Higher Order QCD Calculations

BRAUN-WHITE, OSCAR,RONALD,TORSTEN (2024) Idealised Antenna Functions for Higher Order QCD Calculations. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

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In this thesis, the infrared structure of squared matrix elements in quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is scrutinised. Specifically, the triple-collinear splitting functions are decomposed and improvements to antenna subtraction are sought through the construction of idealised antenna functions. The antenna-subtraction technique has demonstrated remarkable effectiveness in handling next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) infrared divergences for a wide range of QCD processes relevant for colliders. However, since antenna functions were historically extracted from matrix elements, they did not have uniform properties, which made the generation of subtraction terms complex. Antenna subtraction up to NNLO is reviewed, including the role of antenna functions. A general algorithm is detailed in order to re-build antenna functions, with idealised features, directly from a specified list of unresolved limits, for any number of real and virtual emissions. Using this general algorithm, together with the decomposition of the triple-collinear splitting functions, all the antenna functions required for NNLO QCD calculations in the final-final configuration are constructed and it is demonstrated that they form a consistent NNLO subtraction scheme. The idealised antenna functions should simplify the generation of subtraction terms and minimise the introduction of spurious limits. Additionally, the general algorithm sets out an initial blueprint for next-to-NNLO (N$^3$LO) idealised antennae for use in N$^3$LO QCD calculations.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:Quantum chromodynamics; perturbative calculations; collider physics; particle theory; phenomenology; infrared subtraction
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of
Thesis Date:2024
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:27 Feb 2024 10:50

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