We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham e-Theses
You are in:

A coherent microwave interface for manipulation of single optical photons

BALL, SIMON,WILLIAM (2017) A coherent microwave interface for manipulation of single optical photons. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

PDF - Accepted Version


This thesis proposes a means of implementing quantum information processing using photonic qubits as information carriers. Electromagnetically-induced transparency (\textsmaller{EIT}) is used to store information encoded in photons into Rydberg excitations in a cloud of cold atoms, where strong dipole-dipole interactions induce interactions between qubits. After a storage time, information is mapped back into photons collectively emitted from the cloud again via \textsmaller{EIT}.

A new experimental apparatus is built to implement non-linear Rydberg quantum optics. A high repetition rate is achieved owing to a \textsmaller{2D-MOT} atom source, and high optical resolution for trapping and probing microscopic atomic ensembles is achieved by the use of aspheric lenses inside the vacuum chamber. A new, high resolution computer control scheme is implemented.

This thesis demonstrates that, during the holding time, multiple collective Rydberg excitations at a controlled separation interact with each other to imprint a non-uniform phase gradient resulting in anti-correlation of photon emission. Interactions are observed at up to $15$ times the wavelength of the photonic qubits. These long range interactions offer a promising approach to scaling all-optical quantum computing.

Applying resonant microwave fields during the storage time is demonstrated to offer a competitive method of performing sensitive microwave electrometry. A sensitivity of $12 \pm 7 \uV \percm \perRHz$ is found at a frequency of $7.7\GHz$. The high sensitivity is shown to arise from remnant, Rydberg excitations providing an additional source of atom loss from the atomic ensemble, leading to a suppression of photon storage and retrieval efficiency. An additional stage of microwave driving to sanitise the atomic ensemble for recycling is shown to successfully suppress the atom-loss mechanism.

The use of successive microwave pulses is shown to provide a feasible approach to interfacing microwave and optical quantum information processing systems. Information encoded as the presence or absence of a microwave field is translated into information encoded as early or late retrieval of single photons, demonstrating proof of principle for an approach to implementing a proposal for an all-optical controlled-$z$ gate.

Externally driven microwave fields are used to provide rapid, low-loss modulation of the signal retrieved from an atomic ensemble, demonstrating the proof of principle of implementing a probabilistic single photon source that can intensity modulate with low-loss at frequencies of at least $27\MHz$, with evidence that modulation may be achievable at rates in excess of $500\MHz$.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:Quantum optics; Rydberg; nonlinear; cold atoms; microwave; electrometry;
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of
Thesis Date:2017
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:22 Nov 2017 11:12

Social bookmarking: del.icio.usConnoteaBibSonomyCiteULikeFacebookTwitter