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Durham e-Theses
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Structure formation in modified gravity cosmologies

BARREIRA, ALEXANDRE,MIGUEL,RODRIGUE (2015) Structure formation in modified gravity cosmologies. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

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We study linear and nonlinear structure formation in cosmologies where the accelerated
expansion is driven by modifications to general relativity (GR). We focus on Galileon and
Nonlocal gravity, which are two classes of models that have been attracting much attention.
We derive the linearly perturbed model equations and solve them with suitably modified
versions of Einstein-Boltzmann codes. We also derive the perturbed equations keeping
the relevant nonlinear terms for small scale structure formation, which we solve using N-
body codes and semi-analytical techniques that were developed for these models. Using
CMB, SNIa and BAO data we find strong evidence for nonzero active neutrino masses
(Σmν ≈ 0.6 eV) in all three main branches of covariant Galileon cosmologies, known as the
Cubic, Quartic and Quintic models. However, in all branches, the lensing potential does
not decay at late times on sub-horizon scales, which contradicts the measured positive
sign of the ISW effect, thereby ruling out the Galileon model. The Nonlocal model we
study should be able to fit the CMB with similar parameter values as ΛCDM. The N-body
simulation results show that the covariant Galileon model admits realistic halo occupation
distributions of luminous red galaxies, even for model parameters whose linear growth is
noticieably enhanced (σ8 ≈ 1) relative to ΛCDM. In the Cubic Galileon model the screening
mechanism is very efficient on scales smaller than 1Mpc, but in the Quartic and Quintic sectors, as
well as in the Nonlocal model, we identify potential tensions with Solar System bounds.
We illustrate that, despite the direct modifications to the lensing potential in the Cubic
Galileon and Nonlocal models, cluster masses estimated from lensing remain the same as
in GR. The lensing effects produced by cosmic voids found in the simulations of the Cubic
Galileon are significanly boosted (≈ 100%) compared to GR, which strongly motivates
using voids in tests of gravity. The combination of linear and nonlinear theory results
presented here for Galileon and Nonlocal gravity is an example of what it could be done
for any serious alternative models to ΛCDM, which will be tested by future experiments.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:Cosmological Physics, Astrophysics, Gravity.
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of
Thesis Date:2015
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:06 Oct 2015 09:56

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