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Durham e-Theses
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A numerical comparison of commonly - used algorithms for structural optimisation

Smith, Erling Aastrup (1975) A numerical comparison of commonly - used algorithms for structural optimisation. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.



The thesis makes, a qualitative and a quantitative comparison of algorithms used to solve now-linear structural optimisationproblems. Algorithms are categorised into linearization, feasible direction and transformation methods. From each category, algorithms are selected (by considering applicability restrictions, anticipated computational effectiveness and efficiency, supplementary program requirements and program development effort) for a numerical comparison of computational effort. The algorithms chosen are:- the Method of Approximate Programming, a Method of Feasible Directions and the Sequential Unconstrained Minimization Technique. Newton's, Fletcher- Powell's, Stewart's and Powell's methods are chosen for use with SUMT. The algorithms are used In the study to minimize the weight of eight test structures:- four pin-jointed plane trusses and four plane stress plates, all subject to two load cases, member stress limits and design variable limits. The finite element stiffness method was used for structural analyses, function and derivative evaluations. Details and FORTRAN IV program listings are given for the algorithms. Estimates are developed of the relative computational effort required by each algorithm in terms of the Central Processor Unit (CPU) time required when an IBM 360/67 computer is used. Measurements are reported for each algorithm of the CPU time used on an IBM 370/145 computer.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Date:1975
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:18 Sep 2013 15:42

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