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The Effects of Unsteady On-Road Flow Conditions on Cabin Noise

OETTLE, NICHOLAS,RICHARD (2013) The Effects of Unsteady On-Road Flow Conditions on Cabin Noise. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

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On-road, a vehicle experiences unsteady flow conditions due to turbulence in the natural wind, moving through the unsteady wakes of other road vehicles and travelling through the stationary wakes generated by roadside obstacles. There is increasing concern about potential differences between steady flow conditions that are typically used for development and the transient conditions that occur on-road.

This work considers whether steady techniques are able to predict the unsteady results measured on-road, the impact of this unsteadiness on the noise perceived in the cabin and whether minor changes made to the geometry of the vehicle could affect this. Both external aerodynamic and acoustic measurements were taken using a full-size vehicle combined with measurements of the noise inside the cabin. Data collection took place on-road under a range of wind conditions to accurately measure the response of the vehicle to oncoming flow unsteadiness, with steady-state measurements taking place in full-scale aeroacoustic wind tunnels.

Overall it was demonstrated that, using a variety of temporal and spectral approaches, steady techniques were able to predict unsteady on-road results well enough to assess cabin noise by correctly taking into account the varying on-road flow conditions. Aerodynamic admittance values remained less than unity in the sideglass region of the vehicle, with the exception of the the region nearest the A-pillar. The reducing unsteady energy at frequencies greater than 10 Hz, combined with the corresponding roll-off in admittance, implies that unsteady frequencies below 10 Hz affect the vehicle most, where the response remains quasi-steady.

Quasi-steady cabin noise simulations allowed a subjective assessment of the predicted unsteady cabin noise, where the impact of cabin noise modulations were quantified and found to be important to perception. Minor geometry changes affected the sensitivity of cabin noise to changes in yaw angle, altering modulation and therefore having an important impact on the unsteady wind noise perceived on-road.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Engineering and Computing Science, School of (2008-2017)
Thesis Date:2013
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:30 Jul 2013 14:42

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