We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham e-Theses
You are in:

Turbulence characterisation for Astronomical Observatories

SHEPHERD, HARRY,WILLIAM (2012) Turbulence characterisation for Astronomical Observatories. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

PDF - Accepted Version


Atmospheric turbulence has two effects in astronomy; (i) the broadening of the point spread function due to phase fluctuations limiting the resolution of imaging and (ii) producing intensity fluctuations known as scintillation. Adaptive Optics (AO) can be installed on telescopes to correct for the effect of phase, and with the push to large telescopes more complex AO systems such as Multi Conjugate AO (MCAO) and Multi Object AO (MOAO) are desired. Operation of these systems requires a detailed profile of the turbulent atmosphere in real time.

In this thesis we consider two turbulence profilers, SLOpe Detection And Ranging (SLODAR) and SCIntillation Detection and Ranging (SCIDAR), two cross beam profilers that retrieve data using covariance of phase variations (SLODAR) and intensity variations (SCIDAR). We present a modification of SLODAR to allow an estimate for non resolved turbulence to be made by considering scintillation in the subapertures of a Shack Hartmann wavefront sensor. A new SCIDAR (Stereo--SCIDAR) is described, allowing dynamic re--conjugation to improve altitude resolution.

Practical considerations for the implementation of a SLODAR instrument are considered, including a discussion of potential false measurements of non Kolmogorov power spectra in the ground and surface layers of turbulence. Data is presented from SLODAR observing campaigns on La Palma, and at Paranal. Evidence is presented for orographic effects on measured turbulence, including those due to man made structures.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:atmospheric turbulence; turbulence profiling; site testing; adaptive optics;
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of
Thesis Date:2012
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:22 Nov 2012 15:54

Social bookmarking: del.icio.usConnoteaBibSonomyCiteULikeFacebookTwitter