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Feshbach spectroscopy of an ultracold Rb-Cs mixture

JENKIN, DANIEL,LESTER (2012) Feshbach spectroscopy of an ultracold Rb-Cs mixture. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

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This thesis reports the observation of interspecies Feshbach resonances in an ultracold mixture of Rb and Cs atoms. A versatile combined magnetic and optical potential has been designed and constructed which is capable of bringing both $^{87}\rm{Rb}$ and $^{133}\rm{Cs}$ to degeneracy, and reaching high phase-space density in $^{85}\rm{Rb}$. High phase-space density mixtures are the first step required in the production of ultracold polar molecules, the topic of much current research.

The apparatus capitalises on the efficient capture of atoms by a magnetic trap from a magneto-optical trap, and the efficient sympathetic cooling of Cs by Rb therein. Upon transfer to the crossed optical dipole trap condensates in excess of $1\times10^{6}$ $^{87}\rm{Rb}$ atoms and approximately $1\times10^{5}$ $^{133}\rm{Cs}$ atoms are produced after direct evaporation and gravito-magnetic tilting of the potential. The observation of six interspecies $^{87}\rm{Rb}$-$^{133}\rm{Cs}$ Feshbach resonances are reported, three of which had only been predicted theoretically, allowing testing and development of the theoretical model. Furthermore, the extrapolation of this model has predicted numerous Feshbach resonances between $^{85}\rm{Rb}$ and $^{133}\rm{Cs}$, none of which have been experimentally observed prior to this work. The versatile nature of this apparatus is discussed, including the application of the current system to cooling of $^{85}\rm{Rb}$. Initial experiments observed seven interspecies resonances, including a broad s-wave resonance at a magnetic field of $(644\pm2)$ G which is in excellent agreement with the theoretical prediction. Further work has revealed that fourteen Feshbach resonances exist in the 0-700 G magnetic field range between $^{85}\rm{Rb}$ and $^{133}\rm{Cs}$ atoms in the $\left|2,+2\right\rangle$ and $\left|3,+3\right\rangle$ states, respectively. Several of these resonances would be ideal for magneto-association of RbCs molecules, prior to transfer to the rovibrational ground-state.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:Bose-Einstein condensate Feshbach resonance Ultracold molecules
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of
Thesis Date:2012
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:19 Nov 2012 12:21

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