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Meshless methods: theory and application in 3D fracture modelling with level sets

ZHUANG, XIAOYING (2010) Meshless methods: theory and application in 3D fracture modelling with level sets. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

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Abstract

Accurate analysis of fracture is of vital importance yet methods for effetive 3D calculations are currently unsatisfactory. In this thesis, novel numerical techniques are developed which solve many of these problems. This thesis consists two major parts: firstly an investigation into the theory of meshless methods and secondly an innovative numerical framework for 3D fracture modelling using the element-free Galerkin method and the level set method. The former contributes to some fundamental issues related to accuracy and error control in meshless methods needing to be addressed for fracture modelling developed later namely, the modified weak form for imposition of essential boundary conditions, the use of orthogonal basis functions to obtain shape functions and error control in adaptive analysis. In the latter part, a simple and efficient numerical framework is developed to overcome the difficulties in current 3D fracture modelling. Modelling cracks in 3D remains a challenging topic in computational solid mechanics since the geometry of the crack surfaces can be difficult to describe unlike the case in 2D where cracks can be represented as combinations of lines or curves. Secondly, crack evolution requires numerical methods that can accommodate the moving geometry and a geometry description that maintains accuracy in successive computational steps. To overcome these problems, the level set method, a powerful numerical method for describing and tracking arbitrary motion of interfaces, is used to describe and capture the crack geometry and forms a local curvilinear coordinate system around the crack front. The geometry information is used in the stress analysis taken by the element-Free Galerkin method as well as in the computation of fracture parameters needed for crack propagation. Examples are tested and studied throughout the thesis addressing each of the above described issues.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:meshless methods; level sets; 3D fracture modelling;
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Engineering and Computing Science, School of
Thesis Date:2010
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:24 Nov 2010 15:32

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