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Study of Triplet Exciton Dynamics in Small Organic Molecule Films Using Time Resolved Optical Spectroscopy

JANKUS, VYGINTAS (2010) Study of Triplet Exciton Dynamics in Small Organic Molecule Films Using Time Resolved Optical Spectroscopy. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

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In recent years it has become clear that knowledge of triplet transport in single layer and multilayer films can be crucial in improving the efficiency of organic light emitting devices and solar cells. This thesis reports an investigation of triplet exciton dynamics in small organic molecule single and multilayer layer films using optical time resolved nanosecond spectroscopy. A diligent step by step approach, leading towards the investigation of complex donor/spacer/acceptor multilayer structures is used. First of all, single layer films to be a constituents of multilayer structures were studied by measuring fluorescence, delayed fluorescence and phosphorescence. 4,4’-N,N’-dicarbazolyl-1,1’-biphenyl (CBP) widely used in organic light emitting diodes is characterized. Evidence is provided that in some of these spectra emission comes from trap states rather than the CBP molecule itself. Also N,N’-diphenyl-N,N’-bis(1-naphthyl)-1,1’-biphenyl-4,4’’-diamine (NPB) has been investigated. Results indicate that bimolecular triplet recombination is dominant and that triplet transport has dispersive features even at room temperature in NPB films. Then films of heavy metal iridium complexes fac-tris(2-phenylpyridine) iridium (Ir(ppy)3) and iridium(III)tris(1-phenylisoquinoline) (Ir(piq)3) are put into the spotlight. New states previously not reported are identified and decay with the slope -1 characteristic of more than one iridium complex and previously not published in literature is observed. Triplet interface sites in bilayer Ir(piq)3/NPB films obstructing triplet migration are determined and triplet movement across interface is experimentally captured for the first time. The origin of these interface trap states is suggested. Then this system is upgraded into Ir(ppy)3/NPB/Ir(piq)3 and triplet transfer from Ir(ppy)3 to Ir(piq)3 via NPB is investigated. A model of triplet exciton dynamics in Ir(piq)3/NPB films using classical diffusion equations is presented with interface sites included. Computer simulations were performed and the results are in very good agreement with the experimental ones. Finally problems encountered are identified and main guidelines on how to do research in complicated multilayer structures are set.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:triplet dynamics; multilayer structures; interface triplets; organic films; organic light emitting diodes; OLED; trap states; time resolved spectroscopy; organic films; disorder; triplet density of states; interface traps; multilayer films; exciton transfer through interface; organic electronics
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of
Thesis Date:2010
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:23 Nov 2010 15:42

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