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An investigation into Quadtree fractal image and video compression

Halliwell, James (2006) An investigation into Quadtree fractal image and video compression. Masters thesis, Durham University.



Digital imaging is the representation of drawings, photographs and pictures in a format that can be displayed and manipulated using a conventional computer. Digital imaging has enjoyed increasing popularity over recent years, with the explosion of digital photography, the Internet and graphics-intensive applications and games. Digitised images, like other digital media, require a relatively large amount of storage space. These storage requirements can become problematic as demands for higher resolution images increases and the resolution capabilities of digital cameras improve. It is not uncommon for a personal computer user to have a collection of thousands of digital images, mainly photographs, whilst the Internet’s Web pages present a practically infinite source. These two factors 一 image size and abundance 一 inevitably lead to a storage problem. As with other large files, data compression can help reduce these storage requirements. Data compression aims to reduce the overall storage requirements for a file by minimising redundancy. The most popular image compression method, JPEG, can reduce the storage requirements for a photographic image by a factor of ten whilst maintaining the appearance of the original image 一 or can deliver much greater levels of compression with a slight loss of quality as a trade-off. Whilst JPEG's efficiency has made it the definitive image compression algorithm, there is always a demand for even greater levels of compression and as a result new image compression techniques are constantly being explored. One such technique utilises the unique properties of Fractals. Fractals are relatively small mathematical formulae that can be used to generate abstract and often colourful images with infinite levels of detail. This property is of interest in the area of image compression because a detailed, high-resolution image can be represented by a few thousand bytes of formulae and coefficients rather than the more typical multi-megabyte filesizes. The real challenge associated with Fractal image compression is to determine the correct set of formulae and coefficients to represent the image a user is trying to compress; it is trivial to produce an image from a given formula but it is much, much harder to produce a formula from a given image. เท theory, Fractal compression can outperform JPEG for a given image and quality level, if the appropiate formulae can be determined. Fractal image compression can also be applied to digital video sequences, which are typically represented by a long series of digital images 一 or 'frames'.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Award:Master of Science
Thesis Date:2006
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:09 Sep 2011 09:52

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