Cervera, Eva (2003) Evolutionary structural pptimisation based on boundary element representation of b-spline geometry. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
Evolutionary Structural Optimisation (ESO) has become a well-established technique for determining the optimum shape and topology of a structure given a set of loads and constraints. The basic ESO concept that the optimum topology design evolves by slow removal and addition of material has matured over the last ten years. Nevertheless, the development of the method has almost exclusively considered finite elements (FE) as the approach for providing stress solutions. This thesis presents an ESO approach based on the boundary element method. Non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS) are used to define the geometry of the component and, since the shape of these splines is governed by a set of control points, use can be made of the locations of these control points as design variables. The developed algorithm creates internal cavities to accomplish topology changes. Cavities are also described by NURBS and so they have similar behaviour to the outside boundary. Therefore, both outside and inside are optimised at the same time. The optimum topologies evolve allowing cavities to merge between each other and to their closest outer boundary. Two-dimensional structural optimisation is investigated in detail exploring multi-load case and multi-criteria optimisation. The algorithm is also extended to three-dimensional optimisation, in which promising preliminary results are obtained. It is shown that this approach overcomes some of the drawbacks inherent in traditional FE-based approaches, and naturally provides accurate stress solutions on smooth boundary representations at each iteration.
|Doctor of Philosophy
|Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
|08 Sep 2011 18:22