SPENCE, STEFAN,JOEL (2023) Assembling Single RbCs Molecules with Optical Tweezers. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
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Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY).
Optical tweezer arrays are useful tools for manipulating single atoms and molecules.
An exciting avenue for research with optical tweezers is using the interactions between polar molecules for quantum computation or quantum simulation.
Molecules can be assembled in an optical tweezer array starting from pairs of atoms.
The atoms must be initialised in the relative motional ground state of a common trap.
This work outlines the design of a Raman sideband cooling protocol which is implemented to prepare an 87-Rubidium atom in the motional ground state of an 817 nm tweezer, and a 133-Caesium atom in the motional ground state of a 938 nm tweezer.
The protocol circumvents strong heating and dephasing associated with the trap by operating at lower trap depths and cooling from outside the Lamb-Dicke regime.
By analysing several sources of heating, we design and implement a merging sequence that transfers the Rb atom and the Cs atom to a common trap with minimal motional excitation.
Subsequently, we perform a detailed characterisation of AC Stark shifts caused by the tweezer light, and identify several situations in which the confinement of the atom pair influences their interactions.
Then, we demonstrate the preparation of a molecular bound state after an adiabatic ramp across a magnetic Feshbach resonance.
Measurements of molecular loss rates provide evidence that the atoms are in fact associated during the merging sequence, before the magnetic field ramp.
By preparing a weakly-bound molecule in an optical tweezer, we carry out important steps towards assembling an array of ultracold RbCs molecules in their rovibrational ground states.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Doctoral)|
|Award:||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Keywords:||ultracold molecules; optical tweezer; Raman sideband cooling; single atom; quantum science|
|Faculty and Department:||Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of|
|Copyright:||Copyright of this thesis is held by the author|
|Deposited On:||02 Feb 2023 10:33|