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The Harmonic Susceptibility Series of High Field Superconductors for Fusion Energy Applications

SMITH, ANDREW (2022) The Harmonic Susceptibility Series of High Field Superconductors for Fusion Energy Applications. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

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The magnetic phase diagram of superconductors is a rich and diverse research
landscape in which the properties of vortex matter relate closely to the maximum lossless current density which can flow through the superconductor,
JC(B, T). The growing requirement for high field magnets in academic and
industry environments, especially in applications such as fusion energy where
the superconducting magnets and local magnetic fields intersect at oblique
angles, means we need to understand how the complex pinning landscape
of high field superconductors impacts the achievable transport currents, JC.
This requires a detailed understanding of vortex matter and anisotropy in High
Temperature Superconducting (HTS) materials, due to both the intrinsic anisotropy of the Cuprate superconductors and the geometric anisotropy of the
high aspect ratio superconducting layer in these tapes.
This thesis presents detailed measurements of the irreversibility transition in
HTS tapes using an harmonic AC susceptibility methodology in fields up to
35 T perpendicular to the tape normal and in oblique fields up to 24 T. A
numerical procedure for modelling the susceptibility of high aspect ratio superconducting tapes is presented and used to extract JC(B, T) for a Superpower
2G HTS tape without artificial pinning. An extension to this model which includes the effect of anisotropic pinning forces in superconductors with oblique
fields is presented and compared to the measured susceptibility in fields up to
24 T to extract JC(B, T, θ). This work provides fresh insight into the behaviour of vortex matter in 2G HTS tapes in high, oblique fields and suggests
how improvements can be made to inductive measurements methodologies in
superconductors with very high critical current densities

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of
Thesis Date:2022
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:26 Sep 2022 12:46

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