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Durham e-Theses
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Active Temperature Control Algorithms for Improved Reliability and Lifetime of Photovoltaic Power Converters

JACOBO-TAPIA, RENATO (2022) Active Temperature Control Algorithms for Improved Reliability and Lifetime of Photovoltaic Power Converters. Masters thesis, Durham University.

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Power converters are exposed to environmental stresses that affect reliability. Among these, ambient temperature and solar irradiance are the ones that affect photovoltaic (PV) systems the most. For solar irradiance this is especially true for days with dynamic irradiance like those with variable cloud conditions. The power conversion is not perfect and has power losses that heat up the components. Among the most fragile components in power converters are power semiconductors and capacitors, which are greatly affected by thermal variations. This thesis presents temperature control algorithms to enhance reliability and lifetime of PV converters. The algorithms are focused on thermal control through duty cycle regulation. The first one is called temperature-controlled (TC) maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm and is used for lifetime improvement of PV converters under dynamic irradiance conditions during cloudy days. The second is called maximum-temperature-limited (MTL) MPPT algorithm and is used to improve the lifetime of PV converters by limiting the output power during days with high irradiance and high ambient temperature levels. The effectiveness of the algorithms is verified using extensive simulations, evaluating the lifetime and comparing it with the energy generated. For the TC MPPT, the evaluation is done under daily irradiance profiles for different cloud conditions, while for the MTL MPPT a maximum temperature is set to test during a yearly mission profile. The results show that the TC MPPT algorithm managed to reduce life consumption by 4.68% with 0.08% of energy reduction for very variable cloud condition days. Moreover, the MTL MPPT algorithm reduced the yearly life consumption by 28.36% with a small energy generation cost of 3.97%. Based on these results it is possible to validate the effectiveness of thermal management strategies, which apart from enhancing energy production with no extra hardware cost can improve reliability at the same time.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Award:Master of Science
Keywords:Reliability, Lifetime evaluation, Power electronic, MPPT, Thermal Management
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Engineering, Department of
Thesis Date:2022
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:10 May 2022 12:21

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