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Durham e-Theses
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Hidden Physics at the Neutrino Frontier: Tridents, Dark Forces, and Hidden Particles

HOSTERT, MATHEUS (2019) Hidden Physics at the Neutrino Frontier: Tridents, Dark Forces, and Hidden Particles. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

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The unexplained origin of neutrino masses suggests that these neutral and weakly interacting particles might provide a portal to physics beyond the Standard Model. In view of the growing prospects in experimental neutrino physics, we explore new theoretical models and experimental searches that can shed light on the existence of low-scale particles with very small couplings to ordinary matter. Our efforts highlight a vast landscape of models where neutrino physics offers our best chance of discovering such hidden sectors. Along the way, we revisit the Standard Model physics of neutrino trident production with a modern calculation and explore its phenomenology at neutrino facilities. As shown here, this type of rare neutrino scattering process can probe unexplored anomaly-free extensions of the Standard Model with a complementary, and often more powerful, search strategy to to the well-known searches in neutrino-electron scattering. As to new models, we propose a novel neutrino mass model resembling the inverse seesaw, where neutrino mixing stands as the most prominent portal to dark sectors and dark matter. In our dark neutrino model, neutrino masses are generated radiatively, with the vector, scalar, and neutrino phenomenology displaying an unique interplay. Later, we devise new methods to search for these dark neutrinos using neutrino-electron scattering data, aiming to discriminate among new physics explanations of the MiniBooNE anomalous results. Finally, we discuss light and heavy conventional sterile neutrinos in the context of $\nu$STORM, an entry-level neutrino factory for precision neutrino physics.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:neutrino; sterile; dark; hidden; portals; trident; neutrino-electron; scattering; MiniBooNE; nustorm;
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of
Thesis Date:2019
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:01 Oct 2019 11:34

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