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Durham e-Theses
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Photophysics of TADF Emitters and their
application in OLEDs

NOBUYASU-JUNIOR, ROBERTO,SHIGUERU (2018) Photophysics of TADF Emitters and their
application in OLEDs.
Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

PDF - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY).



This thesis presents the photophysical characterization and device performance of a series of
small molecules and copolymers showing thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF).
This triplet harvesting mechanism allows triplet states to contribute to the light generation
process, thus increasing the efficiency of organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). TADF based
OLEDs with internal quantum efficiency (IQE) close to 100% have already been demonstrated.
However, many aspects of the mechanism still remain unclear and need to be tackled in order
to design novel and more efficient TADF molecules, with emission in different regions of the
spectrum. In order to maximize the TADF mechanism in different organic systems, the
interplay between the charge transfer state and local triplet excited states are studied in detail
and it was found that the mixing of CT and local triplet states is essential to achieve efficient
reverse intersystem crossing (RISC). The consequence of introducing bulky side groups on
the D unit was also studied and the luminescence from these molecules varies from efficient
TADF to strong phosphorescence at room temperature. Remarkably, in clear contrast with
the donor substituted molecules, their acceptor substituted analogues are strong TADF
emitters. Furthermore, the fine-tuning of TADF efficiency in copolymers was explored by
using spacer groups in a range of polymeric structures, overcoming the theoretical IQE limit
for pure fluorescent compounds in solution-processed OLEDs. Moreover, the contribution of
TADF emission in Cu-complexes showing aggregated induced emission was studied to probe
the effects of vibrations on the luminescence quenching in these complexes.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:Photphysics, TADF mechanism, triplet harvesting, OLED
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of
Thesis Date:2018
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:31 May 2018 14:57

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