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AC Voltage Control of a Future Large Offshore Wind Farm Network Connected by HVDC

HO, TERRY,CHI,YOUNG (2016) AC Voltage Control of a Future Large Offshore Wind Farm Network Connected by HVDC. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

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Abstract

The offshore wind resource around the seas of the UK is a very large renewable energy resource. Future offshore wind farm sites leased by the Crown Estate for Round 3 development will need high power capacity grid connection, but their remote location presents a challenge for the electrical connection to the grid. Long distance AC cable transmission is not practical due to the large cable capacitance which leads to reactive power loss. This thesis considers the voltage source converter and high voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC) technology as the future grid connection for the offshore wind farm network, which is more controllable and has better transmission efficiencies for long distance and high power cable transmission applications. The offshore AC network is weak with very little inertia and has limited rating at the HVDC converter substation. The dynamics in key variables in the offshore wind farm AC network and how they affect certain components in the system were studied. Without proper control, the offshore voltage and the frequency will be sensitive to change. The capacitor of the AC filter at the offshore VSC-HVDC station was found to be vulnerable to over-voltage, therefore a closed loop AC voltage controller was proposed here to maintain a constant capacitor voltage and to prevent tripping or over-voltage damage. The tuning of the control gains were optimised with a pole placement design method and small signal analysis for observing the system eigenvalue damping. The control parameters were then tuned for a fast and well damped controller. The AC voltage controller was evaluated and compared to an open loop system. The controller was able to limit the resonance in the LC filter that can be triggered by large and fast disturbances in the current, voltage and frequency. Current saturation could be implemented within the control structure for device protection from over-currents. Insight on how the wind turbine fully rated frequency converters and controllers may interact with the VSC-HVDC converter station is also discussed.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:Offshore wind farm, wind Turbines, HVDC connection, voltage source converter, voltage control, frequency, power simulation, LC filter, resonance, damping, protection, current saturation.
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Engineering and Computing Science, School of
Thesis Date:2016
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:03 Jun 2016 10:16

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