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Durham e-Theses
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Resonant Pulse Propagation in Dense Atomic Vapours

OGDEN, THOMAS,PETER (2016) Resonant Pulse Propagation in Dense Atomic Vapours. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

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This thesis presents theoretical models and results of numerical simulations describing the propagation of optical pulses through dense, thermal atomic vapours. In particular we investigate the nonlinear effects of optical solitons due to self-induced transparency (SIT) in two-level systems, optical simultons in V-type three-level systems and electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in Λ-type systems, including the storage and retrieval of dark-state polaritons.

An investigation is made into two-photon excitation of the 5D states of rubidium in a high-intensity beam including the hyperfine structure of the relevant atomic levels. Decay from these states to the 6P manifolds is ruled out as a cause of experimentally observed fluorescence due to the amount of power broadening associated with intensities necessary to provide any significant level of population in these highly excited states.
We combine the nonlinear effects of optical solitons and EIT to explain experimentally observed steepened pulses in a V-type system in a micron-length cell. We explain the behaviour as the early formation of a simulton pulse drawn from a CW probe field by a strong coupling pulse, due to coherent population trapping. We predict that in a longer cell it may be possible to facilitate propagation of matched pulses, even when the transitions in the system have different propagation coefficients, as long as decoherence from collision broadening can be controlled. The fact that weak pulses can propagate with this scheme suggests an approach to achieving transparent propagation of single or few photon pulses distinct from, but related to, both SIT and EIT.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:Atomic Physics; Quantum Optics; Light Propagation; Atomic Vapours; Self-Induced Transparency; Optical Solitons; Electromagnetically Induced Transparency; EIT; Simultons
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of
Thesis Date:2016
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:31 May 2016 12:03

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