CLARKSON, ADAM,JAMES (2015) Keyframe Tagging: Unambiguous Content Delivery for Augmented Reality Environments. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
Context: When considering the use of Augmented Reality to provide navigation cues in a completely unknown environment, the content must be delivered into the environment with a repeatable level of accuracy such that the navigation cues can be understood and interpreted correctly by the user.
Aims: This thesis aims to investigate whether a still image based reconstruction of an Augmented Reality environment can be used to develop a content delivery system that providers a repeatable level of accuracy for content placement. It will also investigate whether manipulation of the properties of a Spatial Marker object is sufficient to reduce object selection ambiguity in an Augmented Reality environment.
Methods: A series of experiments were conducted to test the separate aspects of these aims. Participants were required to use the developed Keyframe Tagging tool to introduce virtual navigation markers into an Augmented Reality environment, and also to identify objects within an Augmented Reality environment that was signposted using different Virtual Spatial Markers. This tested the accuracy and repeatability of content placement of the approach, while also testing participants’ ability to reliably interpret virtual signposts within an Augmented Reality environment. Finally the Keyframe Tagging tool was tested by an expert user against a pre-existing solution to evaluate the time savings offered by this approach against the overall accuracy of content placement.
Results: The average accuracy score for content placement across 20 participants was 64%, categorised as “Good” when compared with an expert benchmark result, while no tags were considered “incorrect” and only 8 from 200 tags were considered to have “Poor” accuracy, supporting the Keyframe Tagging approach. In terms of object identification from virtual cues, some of the predicted cognitive links between virtual marker property and target object did not surface, though participants reliably identified the correct objects across several trials.
Conclusions: This thesis has demonstrated that accurate content delivery can be achieved through the use of a still image based reconstruction of an Augmented Reality environment. By using the Keyframe Tagging approach, content can be placed quickly and with a sufficient level of accuracy to demonstrate its utility in the scenarios outlined within this thesis. There are some observable limitations to the approach, which are discussed with the proposals for further work in this area.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Doctoral)|
|Award:||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Keywords:||Augmented Reality, Content Delivery, AR Environments, Mixed Reality|
|Faculty and Department:||Faculty of Science > Engineering and Computing Science, School of|
|Copyright:||Copyright of this thesis is held by the author|
|Deposited On:||07 Dec 2015 11:35|