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Semi-Analytic Ground State Solutions of Two-Component Bose-Einstein Condensate in Two Dimensions

SRIDHAR, SWATI (2014) Semi-Analytic Ground State Solutions of Two-Component Bose-Einstein Condensate in Two Dimensions. Masters thesis, Durham University.

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In this thesis we study a two-component Bose-Einstein Condensate system in 2D, using a combination of approximate analytical and exact numerical methods of solving the Gross-Pitaevskii equation (GPE). We discuss some of the ways of finding approximate ground state solutions to the GPE, one of them being the Thomas-Fermi approximation. Using the Thomas-Fermi approximation, one can separate the system into two regimes; one where both components are disks and one where one of the components is a disk and the other component is an annulus. However, the Thomas-Fermi approximation does not hold true beyond a critical value.

We demonstrate a method using which one can get more precise solutions for the GPE. This involves using a method of approximation of the GPE near the critical boundaries, which has been previously used for a single component Bose gas. This can be adapted for a two-component system in order obtain explicit solutions for a BEC in a 2D harmonic trap with repulsive interactions. We show in detail how this approximation works for the different regimes suggested by the Thomas-Fermi analysis and also for more generalized cases where one has different masses, particle numbers and trapping frequencies for the two components. This thesis also talks about how one could analyse the system using this approximation in 1D and 3D, shedding more light on what might be the parameters affecting the precision of the solution.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Award:Master of Science
Keywords:Bose- Einstein Condensate, cold atom, phase separation
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Physics, Department of
Thesis Date:2014
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:27 Jan 2015 12:34

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