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Durham e-Theses
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Rome and Near Eastern Kingdoms and Principalities, 44-31 BC: A Study of Political Relations During Civil War

VAN-WIJLICK, HENDRIKUS,ANTONIUS,MARGAR (2013) Rome and Near Eastern Kingdoms and Principalities, 44-31 BC: A Study of Political Relations During Civil War. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.



This thesis presents a critical analysis of the political relations between Rome on the one hand and Near Eastern kingdoms and principalities on the other hand during the age of civil war from 44 until 31 BC. In contrast to previous studies of Rome’s foreign affairs in the eastern Mediterranean glancing over this era as a result of their focus on longer periods of time during the Republic or Principate, this work yields a unique insight into the workings of Rome’s interstate dealings during a time of internal upheaval.

By looking at each bilateral relationship separately both from the perspective of Rome and the kingdom or principality, it shows first and foremost the wide variety in political dealings between representatives of Roman power and Near Eastern rulers. Yet, in spite of this diversity, issues such as the political dependency of Near Eastern kings and other dynasts on Rome show that there are also some common characteristics about the relations. Ever since Pompey reorganised the eastern Mediterranean, Rome interfered on a regular basis in the internal administration and the foreign affairs of the kingdoms and principalities in the Near East. A notable exception in this case formed Parthia, the only realm that could measure up to Rome.

The thesis also investigates to what extent the conduct of Rome and Near Eastern kingdoms and principalities towards one another in the period from 44 until 31 was typical for this period. Drawing upon examples from earlier eras, it shows that to a large degree the behaviour of Rome and Near Eastern realms in our age of civil war was not typical and manifests continuity with earlier periods. It thus presents a prima facie case for the re-examination of prevailing views on the specificities of Rome and the civil war in relation to international relations of the period.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:Roman History, Civil War, Interstate Relations, Near East, Kingdoms
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Classics and Ancient History, Department of
Thesis Date:2013
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:25 Nov 2013 12:06

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