Rundle, Arthur, S. (1972) Some aspects of the glaciology of the mars ice piedmont, Anvers Island, Antarctica. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
The results of a comprehensive three-year study of the Harr Ice Piedmont, Anvers Island, Antarctica are presented. The piedmont stands on a low coastal platform ranging from slightly below sea level to 200 m. a.s.l. Ice thickness ranges from 60 to 80 m. at the coastal cliffs to more than 600 m. inland. Annual accumulation is high. There is a strong relationship between elevation and accumulation rates and a marked variation of accumulation rates from year to year. Surface ice velocities range from 14 m/year to 218 m/year and there is considerable ice streaming as a result of the subglacial topography. The mass balance of a representative part of the piedmont is considered to be in equilibrium or possibly, slightly positive. A study of a peripheral ramp shows annual fluctuations of balance and it is hypothesised that there may be a long-term tendency towards a positive regime. Ice core studies indicate that there is no dry snow facies but all other facies are identified. The saturation line lies at approximately 600 m. a.s.l. and the equilibrium line ranges from 60 to 120 m. a.s.l. Englacial ten-metre temperatures range from -0.8 ºC near the coast to -4.9 ºC inland. Deformation velocities have been calculated and basal sliding velocities inferred. It is hypothesised that basal conditions are not everywhere the same and that parts of the piedmont are frozen to bedrock. It is suggested that basal sliding and erosion are related and that the piedmont is selectively eroding its bed and accentuating the subglacial topography. Evidence of erosion, debris-rich ice, exists in the piedmont but is below sea level at the coastal cliff. The piedmont is not a "Strandflat Glacier" which is cutting a planed surface at a level controlled by the sea.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Doctoral)|
|Award:||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Copyright:||Copyright of this thesis is held by the author|
|Deposited On:||13 Nov 2013 15:38|