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Durham e-Theses
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Direct sequence spread spectrum techniques in local area networks

Smythe, Colin (1985) Direct sequence spread spectrum techniques in local area networks. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.



This thesis describes the application of a direct sequence spread spectrum modulation scheme to the physical layer of a local area networks subsequently named the SS-LAN. Most present day LANs employ erne form or another of time division multiplexing which performs well in many systems but which is limited by its very nature in real time, time critical and time demanding applications. The use of spread spectrum multiplexing removes these limitations by providing a simultaneous multiple user access capability to the channel which permits each and all nodes to utilise the channel independent of the activity being currently supported by that channel. The theory of spectral spreading is a consequence of the Shannon channel capacity in which the channel capacity may be maintained by the trading of signal to noise ratio for bandwidth. The increased bandwidth provides an increased signal dimensionality which can be utilised in providing noise immunity and/or a simultaneous multiple user environment: the effects of the simultaneous users can be considered as noise from the point of view of any particular constituent signal. The use of code sequences at the physical layer of a LAN permits a wide range of mapping alternatives which can be selected according to the particular application. Each of the mapping techniques possess the general spread spectrum properties but certain properties can be emphasised at the expense of others. The work has Involved the description of the properties of the SS-LAN coupled with the development of the mapping techniques for use In the distribution of the code sequences. This has been followed by an appraisal of a set of code sequences which has resulted in the definition of the ideal code properties and the selection of code families for particular types of applications. The top level design specification for the hardware required in the construction of the SS-LAN has also been presented and this has provided the basis for a simplified and idealised theoretical analysis of the performance parameters of the SS-LAN. A positive set of conclusions for the range of these parameters has been obtained and these have been further analysed by the use of a SS-LAN computer simulation program. This program can simulate any configuration of the SS-LAN and the results it has produced have been compared with those of the analysis and have been found to be in agreement. A tool for the further analysis of complex SS-LAN configurations has therefore been developed and this will form the basis for further work.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Date:1985
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:08 Feb 2013 13:48

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