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Durham e-Theses
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New synthetic strategies towards cephalotaxus alkaloids

Gardiner, John Michael (1988) New synthetic strategies towards cephalotaxus alkaloids. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.



Michael alkylation, with methyl acrylate, of nitrocyclohexenes bearing functionalized aromatic substituents at the 2-position, was found to be highly stereo selective. Subsequent dissolving metal reductive cyclization was highly efficient, and these two steps thus provided a stereo specific entry to a substituted 1-azaspirocyclic system, related to the cephalotaxine skeleton. Application of this methodology to trans-4-(3,4-dimethoxy-6-carbo- methoxyraethylphenyl)-5-nitrocyclohexene afforded spirolactam ester 6-(3,4-dimethoxy-6-carboraethoxymethylphenyl)-2-oxo-l-azaspiro[4.5]dec-8-ene. On reduction with DIBAL-H at -78ºC, this cyclized in high yield, with high stereoselectivity to the corresponding 3-benzazepine-2-ol system.Similar methodology with trans-4-(3,4-methylenedioxy-6-nitrophenyl) -5-nitrocyclohexene, allowed for a formaldehyde insertion reaction to provide a 1,3-benzodiazepine analogue. Preliminary studies hold promise for allowing modification of the cyclohexene ring to known pre-targets of cephalotaxine. These findings bring the synthetic strategy towards providing a competitive route to (±) cephalotaxine, and also a range of analogues, including the unknown 11-aza and 10-hydroxy-8-oxo systems.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Date:1988
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:08 Feb 2013 13:37

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