MORSCH, SUZANNE (2012) ATOM TRANSFER RADICAL POLYMERIZATION FROM PLASMACHEMICAL NANOFILMS. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
|PDF - Accepted Version|
Surface tethered bottle-brush co-polymers are prepared by ATRP grafting of the macroinitiator brush backbone onto plasmachemical deposited poly(vinylbenzyl chloride) initiator nanofilms, followed by ATRP growth of the side chains (bristles). Lateral force scanning probe microscopy demonstrates that poly(glycidyl methacrylate)-graft-poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) bottle-brush decorated surfaces give rise to an enhancement in lubrication.
Patterned polymer brushes are fabricated using molecular scratchcard lithography, where a functional top nanolayer (acting as a resist) is selectively removed using a scanning probe tip to expose underlying ATRP initiator sites. The lateral spreading of grafted polymer brush patterns across the adjacent functional resist surface is reversibly actuated by solvent exposure.
Macroporous poly(vinylbenzyl chloride) scaffolds are used for ATRP initiation to generate polymer brushes and thereby actuate pore size. These functionalised macroporous scaffolds are fabricated by a decoupled two-step approach comprising plasmachemical deposition of the host material followed by spontaneous emulsion formation using amphiphilic species.
Finally, charge nanopatterning onto polymer film surfaces is accomplished by using an SPM probe tip to create localised corona discharge electrification. The efficacy of surface charging is shown to correlate strongly to the polymer substrate hydrophilicity. Localised plasma generation using a scanning probe microscope tip is then demonstrated to actuate the movement of ATRP surface grafted polyelectrolyte and polyzwitterionic brushes. The raising or retraction of polymer brushes can be controlled by varying the SPM tip polarity.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Doctoral)|
|Award:||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Faculty and Department:||Faculty of Science > Chemistry, Department of|
|Copyright:||Copyright of this thesis is held by the author|
|Deposited On:||05 Dec 2012 12:05|