Dyer, Philip William (1993) Studies on molecular Oxo and Imido complexes of the group 6 metals and supported chromium oxide polymerisation catalysts. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
This thesis describes studies directed towards the preparation of bis (imido) complexes of the Group 6 metals containing olefin, phosphine, acetylene, and alkyl ligands with particular emphasis on their relationship with Group 4 bent metallocenes. The polymerisation mechanism of the Phillips catalyst (CrO(_3)/SiO(_2)) is examined using XPS (X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy) and in situ mass spectroscopy. Chapter 1 highlights properties of some of the important ligand classes that are used throughout the remainder of this thesis. Chapter 2 describes a high yield one-pot synthesis of molybdenum bis (imido) complexes of the type Mo(NR')(NR")Cl(_2).DME. In addition a number of attempts to extend this strategy to other metals are described, including a novel synthesis of the chromium complex [Cr(_2)Cl(_9)] [NHEt(_3)](_3). Chapter 3 describes the synthesis, characterisation, and reactivity of the bis (imido) bis (phosphine) complexes Mo(NAr)(_2)(PMe(_3))(_2) and [Mo(N(^t)Bu)(µ-N(^t)Bu)(PMe(_3))](_2). Further studies on bis (imido) olefin complexes of the type Mo(NAr)(_2)(PMe(_3))2(η(^2)-C(_2)H (_2)) and Mo(N(^t)Bu)(_2)(PMe(_3))(η(^2)-C(_2)H(_4)) was undertaken and concentrated on their structural relationship to Group 4 metallocene species. Chapter 4 describes the preparation, structure, and reactivity of some bis (imido) acetylene complexes Mo(NR)(_2)(PMe(_3)) (PhC=CR’) (R= Ar, (^t)Bu; R'= Ph, H). Preparation of bis (imido) alkyls was undertaken in attempts to generate benzyne and alkylidene derivatives. Chapter 5 studies the Phillips polymerisation catalyst using XPS and mass spectroscopy. Model systems were used to probe reactive surface species their use reveals a number of features that are difficult to observe with the actual catalyst. Aspects of molecular chemistry have been examined which are believed to relate directly to the heterogeneous system allowing a possible polymerisation mechanism to be postulated. Chapter 6 gives experimental details for Chapters 2-5. Philip William Dyer (November 1993)
|Item Type:||Thesis (Doctoral)|
|Award:||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Copyright:||Copyright of this thesis is held by the author|
|Deposited On:||16 Nov 2012 10:58|