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Durham e-Theses
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Low bandwidth, image transmission amateur microsatellites

Mwambela, A.J. (1993) Low bandwidth, image transmission amateur microsatellites. Masters thesis, Durham University.



Some recent amateur packet satellites carry open access digital store- and-forward transponders which implement common communication protocols known as PACSAT PROTOCOL SUITE. These standard protocols have improved a "friendly" interaction of different users of packet satellites throughout the world, hence, making packet satellites a more realistic means of communication. Application developments using packet satellites have resulted in an interesting electronic-mail network for medical applications, the Health-Net, where medical professionals in developing countries exchange information with their counterparts. The introduction of a higher rate of data transmission at 9600 baud rate compared to the traditional 1200 baud rate has improved the performance of these satellites. However, this new rate demands some modifications to the existing standard radio receivers and transmitters widely used. In particular, in view of the fact that, digital image technology has transformed microcomputers into powerful visual communication tools, this type of networks can be used for visual communications. Unfortunately, due to the orbit mechanics of satellites involved, the nature of communication protocols and the speed of data transmission currently available, transmission of image data through such networks is difficult in terms of transmission time. This thesis describes the application development of still-continuous tone image transmissions for visual communications, through such networks. It focuses on how to start a packet satellite transmission ground-station, and minimising the transmission time required for image data uploading and downloading, by compressing image data to remove visually insignificant data in the images. Image compression techniques, the internationally recognised JPEG compression technique and a novel compression technique based on FRACTAL, which are known to achieve higher compression ratios are used and compared in this work. Although expensive, FRACTAL compression technique has many advantages over the JPEG compression technique. However, owing to the cost effectiveness of the JPEG compression technique, it is recommended in this thesis for image compression application through Health-Net communication network.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Award:Master of Science
Thesis Date:1993
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:24 Oct 2012 15:15

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