Zhang, Lei (2006) Real-time digital signal processing system for normal probe diffraction technique. Masters thesis, Durham University.
Ultrasonic systems are widely used in many fields of non-destructive testing. The increasing requirement for high quality steel product stirs the improvement of both ultrasonic instruments and testing methods. The thesis indicates the basics of ultrasonic testing and Digital Signal Processing (DSP) technology for the development of an ultrasonic system. The aim of this project was to apply a new ultrasonic testing method - the Normal Probe Diffraction method to course grained steel in real-time and investigate whether the potential of probability of detection (POD) has been improved. The theories and corresponding experiment set-up of pulse-echo method, TOFD and NPD method are explained and demonstrated separately. A comparison of these methods shows different contributions made by these methods using different types of algorithms and signals. Non-real-time experiments were carried out on a VI calibration block using an USPC 3100 ultrasonic testing card to implement pulse-echo and NPD method respectively. The experiments and algorithm were simulated and demonstrated in Matlab. A low frequency Single-transmitter-multi-receiver ultrasonic system was designed and built with a digital development board and an analogue daughter card to transmit or receive signals asynchronously. A high frequency high voltage amplifier was designed to drive the ultrasonic probes. A Matlab simulation system built with Simulink indicates that the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) can be improved with an increment of up to 3dB theoretically based on the simulation results using DSP techniques. The DSP system hardware and software was investigated and a real-time DSP hardware system was supposed to be built to implement the high frequency system using a rapid code generated system based on Matlab Simulink model and the method was presented. However, extra effort needs to be taken to program the hardware using a low-level computer language to make the system work stably and efficiently.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Award:||Master of Arts|
|Copyright:||Copyright of this thesis is held by the author|
|Deposited On:||09 Sep 2011 09:55|