Lishman, Anna Rebecca (2007) Perturbative and non-perturbative studies in low dimensional quantum field theory. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
A relevant perturbation of a conformal field theory (CFT) on the half-plane, by both a bulk and boundary operator, often leads to a massive theory with a particle description in terms of the bulk S-matrix and boundary reflection factor R. The link between the particle basis and the CFT in the bulk is usually made with the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz effective central charge C(_eff). This allows a conjectured S-matrix to be identified with a specific perturbed CFT. Less is known about the links between the reflection factors and conformal boundary conditions, but it has been proposed that an exact, off-critical version of Affleck and Ludwig's g-function could be used, analogously to C(_eff), to identify the physically realised reflection factors and to match them with the corresponding boundary conditions. In the first part of this thesis, this exact g-function is tested for the purely elastic scattering theories related to the ADET Lie algebras. Minimal reflection factors are given, and a method to incorporate a boundary parameter is proposed. This enables the prediction of several new flows between conformal boundary conditions to be made. The second part of this thesis concerns the three-parameter family of PT-symmetric Hamiltonians H(M,o,1) = p(^2) – (ix) (^2M) – α(ix) The positions where the eigenvalues merge and become complex correspond to quadratic and cubic exceptional points. The quasi-exact solvability of the models for M = 3 is exploited to exploreaway from M = 3 is investigated using both numerical and perturbative approaches.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Doctoral)|
|Award:||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Copyright:||Copyright of this thesis is held by the author|
|Deposited On:||08 Sep 2011 18:32|