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Durham e-Theses
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Braneworld black holes and black strings

Mistry, Bina (2008) Braneworld black holes and black strings. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.



This thesis involves the study of strong and weak gravity phenomenology within the braneworld paradigm. We begin with a general overview of the hypothesised concept of extra spatial dimensions and explain why they are so interesting. Turning next to the topic of classical four-dimensional black holes, we discuss their formation via gravitational collapse and indicate some of the strong observational evidence of their existence. We then merge the two independent theories of extra dimensions and black holes together to form braneworld black holes. Focusing our attention on two distinct braneworld scenarios, we examine the effects produced from either strong or weak gravity. The prospect of obtaining experimental verification of the existence of additional spacelike dimensions in the upcoming ground-based accelerators, makes the theoretical research of braneworld gravity within this thesis even more enticing. We start with a non-perturbative approach to look for exact, spherically symmetric star or black hole solutions on a Randall-Sundrum brane from the perspective of the five-dimensional spacetime. By fixing the background, we explore the permissible braneworld trajectories within it that correspond to a braneworld observer, the solutions of the brane Tolmann-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equations. A variety of static gravitating matter sources on the brane are obtained in a range of different backgrounds. Our final aim is a consistent brane embedding in a Schwarzschild- Anti de Sitter spacetime as these solutions are potential candidates for brane stars or black holes. The weak and dominant energy conditions determine the physically sensible solutions which have the interpretation of braneworld stars. We then study time-dependent trajectories as a possible description of time-dependent braneworld black holes. This work is then generalised by relaxing the simplifying assumption of Z(_2)-symmetry, previously imposed around the brane. Non-Z(_2) symmetric spacetimes are applicable in processes which concern only one side of the brane, for example black hole recoil or the emission of Hawking radiation. We determine that a subset of the allowed brane trajectories in an asymmetric background are exactly the same as the Z(_2)-symmetric case. Next, we explore perturbative gravity in the Hofava-Witten model of heterotic M-theory. The study of scalar and gravitational fluctuations determines that the radion mode is coupled to the bulk scalar field, indicating only one single degree of freedom. Our analysis also determines the instability of a black string. We then compute the complete mass spectrum of the graviton mode. Using the five-dimensional gravitational physics, we determine what the gravitational interaction an observer on the braneworld would perceive. This analysis involves the computation of the Newtonian potential between two test masses on the visible brane, together with the four-dimensional tensor structure of the massless graviton propagator. Finally, as an application to the earlier work, we comment on work which is in progress: the study of possible brane black hole solutions in low energy heterotic M-theory.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Date:2008
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:08 Sep 2011 18:28

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