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Durham e-Theses
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Colour constancy in dichromats and trichromats: dependence on task

CHI, MAN,CHUN,ALAN (2021) Colour constancy in dichromats and trichromats: dependence on task. Masters thesis, Durham University.

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An important topic in the field of colour vision is the impact of colour vision deficiencies on daily life tasks. Investigating the extent to which colour constancy (i.e. the ability to recognise surface colour under different illuminants) is preserved in colour vision- deficient observers can provide us with insight into the nature and function of trichromatic colour vision.

The first chapter of this thesis provides a summary of the very basics of colour vision, colour vision deficiencies, as well as colour constancy. Studies conducted on the colour constancy abilities of colour-vision-deficient observers versus those with normal colour vision are reviewed.

The second chapter presents and reports the aims and methods of the proposed experiment (which could not take place due to the COVID-19 pandemic). This experiment investigated the colour constancy abilities of trichromats versus dichromats using two different colour constancy tasks (2D achromatic adjustment vs. 3D blocks-copying/selection task) and aimed to show how colour constancy depends on observer type as well as task type.

The third chapter comprises of a computerised simulation. This simulation aimed to model the colour constancy of “ideal” observers when presented with various surfaces and illuminants. These observers involve simulated normal trichromats, anomalous trichromats and dichromats. A variety of yellow, blue, green and red illuminant shifts (from neutral daylight) were used, and surface chromaticity and observer types were compared.

Overall, whilst no three-way interaction between illuminant shift, surface chromaticity and observer type were found in the simulation, strong main effects were found. It is suggested that a combination of simulated and experimental research is needed to understand the colour constancy mechanisms underpinning dichromacy and trichromacy at multiple levels (cone-based, cognitive and computational).

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Award:Master of Science
Keywords:colour perception, colour vision, colour constancy, colour vision deficiency, colour blindness, surface perception
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Psychology, Department of
Thesis Date:2021
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:13 Oct 2021 09:01

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