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Durham e-Theses
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Enhanced Lifetime of Organic Photovoltaics based on

AL-BUSAIDI, ZAKIYA,NASSER,KHALFAN (2017) Enhanced Lifetime of Organic Photovoltaics based on
Doctoral thesis, Durham University.

PDF - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives 3.0 (CC BY-ND).



The short lifetime of organic photovoltaics (OPVs) is a key factor that
limits the commercialization of this flexible, low-cost PV technology. The
sensitivity of OPVs to water and oxygen in the ambient environment has
been found to be the major reason for their degradation. Therefore,
techniques to protect the devices from water and oxygen are needed.
This thesis introduces new methods designed to reduce the impact of
water and oxygen on the lifetime of OPV devices.
Two different methods were developed, both using insulating
polymers. The first was the addition of an insulating polymer, such as
poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), or poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG), to a
poly (3-hexylthiophene): [6, 6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester
(P3HT: PCBM) OPV blend (ternary approach). It was found that this
technique increased the lifetime of the OPVs, due to the ability of the
insulating polymers to work as gettering agents for water.
The second method that was used is laminating OPVs with an
insulating polymer. It was found that this lamination technique enhanced
the device lifetime more than the ternary approach due to the creation of
a barrier to the ingress of both oxygen and water.

Item Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Award:Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords:lifetime,Degradation,insulating polymer
Faculty and Department:Faculty of Science > Engineering, Department of
Thesis Date:2017
Copyright:Copyright of this thesis is held by the author
Deposited On:15 Dec 2017 09:25

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